Drugs known as sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors, or SGLT2 inhibitors, are a new class of oral medications that are used for treating patients with type 2 diabetes. These medications have been approved since 2013, and they are to be taken once a day to help the kidneys lower glucose levels in the blood. Their use has been associated with improved glycemic control, weight loss, and lowering the risk of hypoglycemia.
The name alone is a mouthful. Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors are one of the newest class of drugs meant to treat type 2 diabetes, but you can be forgiven if the name doesn't trip lightly off your tongue. The conspicuously vowel-free abbreviation--SGLT2--isn't much better.
A new, first-in-its-class drug for type 2 diabetes has just been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Invokana works by blocking re-absorption of glucose by the kidneys and stimulating urination, which removes glucose from the bloodstream.
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