Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a rare disease that, like the more familiar diabetes mellitus, causes frequent urination. Interestingly, the "insipidus" in its name means "without taste," which refers to the flavor of the urine associated with DI. "Mellitus," which means "honey," also describes the taste of the urine associated with that condition, which is (so we are told) sweet.
Another red flag about the obesity epidemic in young people has been raised after researchers found that youth with type 2 have significantly higher rates of microalbuminuria (protein in the urine) and high blood pressure than youth with type 1. They say this is the case even though type 2 youth have lower A1Cs and a shorter diabetes duration.
[Type 2 diabetes] independently increases risk of urinary incontinence in women,” report researchers. “Because risk of incontinence appeared associated with longer duration of [type 2 diabetes], even delaying the onset of diabetes could have important public health implications.”
Postmenopausal women who have diabetes and take oral diabetes medications or insulin are more likely to have acute, symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) than women who don't have diabetes, women who manage their diabetes by lifestyle changes - or even women with untreated diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes can be predicted by increases in microalbuminuria (a measure of protein in the urine). In addition, microalbuminuria, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease develop together over a period of more than two decades, leading researchers from the Framingham Offspring Study in Massachusetts to believe that the three conditions have a common cause.
Short-term treatment with vitamins C and E lowers the urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) in people with type 2 diabetes who have micro/macroalbuminuria, according to a team of Danish researchers. In the September 2001 issue of Diabetic Medicine, they suggest that further long-term, large-scale studies of this albuminuria-reducing treatment modality are needed.
There is now one more good reason to have your urine checked regularly. A new study shows that elevated protein (microalbumin) levels in the urine of people with type 2 diabetes are associated with a greater risk of developing kidney disease, heart disease, and neuropathy.
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