Take the Diabetes Health Pump Survey
See What's Inside
Read this FREE issue now
For healthcare professionals only
  • 12 Tips for Traveling With Diabetes
See the entire table of contents here!

You can view the current or previous issues of Diabetes Health online, in their entirety, anytime you want.
Click Here To View

See if you qualify for our free healthcare professional magazines. Click here to start your application for Pre-Diabetes Health, Diabetes Health Pharmacist and Diabetes Health Professional.

Learn More About the Professional Subscription

Free Diabetes Health e-Newsletter
Latest
Popular
Top Rated
Blood Glucose Archives
Print | Email | Share | Comments (0)

Fructose: Friend Or Foe?

Sep 1, 1995

In the last 20 years there has been a change in the kind of sugar food manufacturers use to sweeten their products. In the past, sucrose was king. Today, fructose, in the form of high fructose syrup (HFS), is much more common. This is touted as good news for people with diabetes, but is it?

How much do you know about this stuff that you consume every day? HFS is used in everything from canned goods to dairy products. Fructose also occurs naturally in many fruits and vegetables. In fact, the average person gets 40%-60% of their daily fructose intake from produce alone. This works out to about 37 grams of fructose per day, or roughly eight percent of the daily total. When chemically bound with glucose, fructose becomes the disaccharide (double-sugar) known as sucrose, or table sugar.

Some researchers argue that fructose consumption can alter the body's response to trace minerals, which can increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes. Other researchers have found evidence that a high intake of fructose can result in increased blood insulin levels, causing the body to excrete chromium, which is vital to the metabolism of sugars. Chromium deficiency is rare in the United States. [Editors' note: The research results mentioned above are highly controversial. Insulin is not necessary to metabolize fructose until it is converted into glucose by the liver-but 90% of fructose is absorbed by the liver on the first pass. Only 10% converts to glucose and re-enters the bloodstream. Accordingly, fructose is not considered to increase blood insulin].

But according to Walter Glinsmann, MD, former nutrition advisor in the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, and author of the 1986 FDA report on sugars, "There is no solid scientific research suggesting that HFS causes adverse health effects. Studies reporting such outcomes have involved abnormally high levels of fructose in a very small number of individuals, or have been conducted in rats."

Glinsmann cautions that results must be analyzed on a case-by-case basis, and that predicting human reactions from reactions in rats is unreliable. The response of high fructose consumption in rats has yet to be observed in other animals.

The ADA has recently concluded that sugars are no more likely to raise blood glucose levels than non-sugary foods like bread, rice, and potatoes. Even though people with diabetes are considered at high risk for heart disease, the ADA says, "There is no reason to recommend that people avoid foods such as fruits and vegetables in which fructose occurs naturally or moderate consumption of fructose-sweetened foods."

Although further research is necessary, it's probably safe to continue eating fructose. But don't forget, moderation and home glucose testing are vitally important.


Categories: Blood Glucose, Diabetes, Food, Insulin, Nutrition Advice, Sugar & Sweeteners



You May Also Be Interested In...


Comments


Add your comments about this article below. You can add comments as a registered user or anonymously. If you choose to post anonymously your comments will be sent to our moderator for approval before they appear on this page. If you choose to post as a registered user your comments will appear instantly.

When voicing your views via the comment feature, please respect the Diabetes Health community by refraining from comments that could be considered offensive to other people. Diabetes Health reserves the right to remove comments when necessary to maintain the cordial voice of the diabetes community.

For your privacy and protection, we ask that you do not include personal details such as address or telephone number in any comments posted.

Don't have your Diabetes Health Username? Register now and add your comments to all our content.

Have Your Say...


Username: Password:
Comment:
©1991-2014 Diabetes Health | Home | Privacy | Press | Advertising | Help | Contact Us | Donate | Sitemap

Diabetes Health Medical Disclaimer

The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images, and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only. Opinions expressed here are the opinions of writers, contributors, and commentators, and are not necessarily those of Diabetes Health. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment because of something you have read on or accessed through this website.