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Several studies have shown that muscle tissue injections influence the speed at which insulin is absorbed into the bloodstream and result in an increased risk of hypoglycemia. This is dangerous, especially for young children.
In a study published in the December 1996 issue of Diabetes Care, the currently recommended whole-hand squeeze was used to get a skin fold for injection. Thirty percent of those using this technique injected into muscle tissue.
The study suggests that a two-finger pinch may be a more effective way to get a skin fold without lifting the underlying muscle tissue. It suggests that this method may become the preferred method to teach children after it is validated by further studies.
Muscle tissue injections happened more frequently in boys than in girls, despite the fact that there was no apparent difference in the average distances between their skin surfaces and their muscle tissues.
Denise Richards, an educator at the New England Diabetes and Endocrinology Center, also suggests using the new shorter needles for pens and syringes. In addition, she recommends the Inject-Ease by Palco because it has an adjustable space bar for injecting. She points out the shorter needles and space bar device should be used with the guidance of a knowledgable health care professional. Injections that are too shallow could result if these devices are not used correctly.
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