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Researchers examined the hospital obstetric and neonatal records of 196 type 1 children who were listed in the Yorkshire, England Childhood Diabetes Register. The results were published in the June 1999 issue of Diabetes Care.
Each child with diabetes was matched with two control subjects of the same age and gender. After comparing the 325 control subjects' hospital records with those of the children with diabetes, the researchers found that births by older mothers, mothers with type 1 diabetes, high blood pressure during pregnancy and neonatal illnesses increase the risk of type 1 diabetes.
The study also found that children who are breast-fed immediately after birth may develop better defenses against type 1.