You’re Never Too Old for Resistance Training
Eleven elderly people with type 2 and peripheral neuropathy underwent a 12-week supervised program consisting of resistance training for the lower extremities. The program resulted in improved muscle strength in the calves and hamstrings.
- Waist circumference decreased from an average of 39.4 to 38.2 inches
- Systolic blood pressure improved from 143 to 132 mm Hg
- Diastolic blood pressure improved from 76 to 70.36 mm Hg
- HDL (‘good’) cholesterol increased from 45.9 to 50.55 mg/dl
Vibration sense was also improved in both feet.
Resistance training decreased waist size, improved systolic and diastolic blood pressure and increased HDL (good) cholesterol levels in elderly people.
Elderly people with diabetes and a limited ability to actively exercise can enhance their insulin sensitivity by riding the Joba, an indoor fitness machine developed by Matsushita Electric Works of Japan.
The Joba allows the patient to get the benefits of physical exercise just by sitting on the machine without strenuous exertion. The Joba apparatus imitates the passive crouching and straightening movements of horseback riding.
A study of people with diabetes, ages 59 to 75 years, examined the effects of using the Joba for 30 minutes per day, four days per week for 12 weeks.
“The 12-week training program resulted in a significant increase in insulin sensitivity. Participants also showed significant decreases in triglycerides and percentage of fat,” write the researchers. “On the other hand, Joba training did not change fasting blood glucose, A1Cs or total cholesterol.”
The researchers conclude the Joba might be useful as therapeutic equipment. For more information and an online demonstration of the Joba exercise machine, log on to www.mew.co.jp/e-press/2003/0309-02.htm.
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